河北快3

解读:环保部废电池污染防治新政
发布时间:2019/3/19 15:38:21

2016NIAN12YUE,《FEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIJISHUZHENGCE》ZHENGSHIFABU。GAIZHENGCESHIZAI2003NIANJICHUSHANGDEXIUDINGBANBEN。ZUIXINBANYOUZHEZENYANGDEBEIJING?ZUNXUNSHENMEYANGDEYUANZE?RUHEYINLINGFEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIJIANKANGFAZHAN?ZHENDUISHANGSHUWENTI,HUANBAOXIANGGUANFUZERENJICHULEDAAN。

HUANJINGBAOHUBUYUQUNIAN12YUEFABULE《FEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIJISHUZHENGCE》,YIFANGZHIHUANJINGWURAN、BAOZHANGSHENGTAIANQUANHERENTIJIANKANGWEIMUBIAO,ZHIDAOXINGYEHUANJINGGUANLIYUKEXUEZHIWU,YINLINGWURANFANGZHIJISHUJINBU。HUANJINGBAOHUBUXIANGGUANFUZERENRIQIANJIESHOUCAIFANG,JIU《JISHUZHENGCE》DEBEIJING、YUANZE、MUBIAOHEJISHUDENGWENTIJINXINGLEJIEDU。 

HUANJINGBAOHUBUCENGYU2003NIANCHUTAILE《FEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIJISHUZHENGCE》,XIANZAIDUIZHEIYIZHENGCEXIUDINGDEBEIJINGSHISHENME?

河北快3 DA:1、DIANCHIXINGYEKUAISUFAZHANSUODAILAIDEHUANJINGWURANXINGSHIRIYIYANJUN

近年来,随着电动自行车、电动汽车、手机、Ipad等产品的广泛使用,锂离子电池河北快3逐年增多,含汞电池已退出民用市场,废电池的种类、数量相比十几年前都发生了巨大的变化,带来的环境风险不可忽视,如废铅蓄电池回收过程中随意倾倒酸液、废锂离子电池爆炸起火等。

河北快3 2、TIQIANYINGDUIWEILAIJIANGDALIANGCHUXIANDEXINNENGYUANQICHEFEIDIANCHIWENTI

WEIJIEJUEDAZHONGXINGCHENGSHIYINJIDONGCHEPAIFANGYINFADEKONGQIWURANWENTI,2016NIAN12YUE19RI,GUOWUYUANZHENGSHIFABU《 “SHISANWU”GUOJIAZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYEFAZHANGUIHUA》,ZAIYICIMINGQUELEXINNENGYUANQICHE、JIENENGHUANBAODENGLVSEDITANCHANYEDEZHANLVE。

GENJUGONGXINBUPILUDE《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》XINNENGYUANQICHECHANYEFAZHANDE10NIANZHANLVEMUBIAO,YUJIWEILAIWOGUOXINNENGYUANQICHEJIANGCHENGJIHEZENGZHANGTAISHI。SUIZHEXINNENGYUANJIHUADETUIJIN,JIANGCHANSHENGDALIANGFEIXINNENGYUANQICHEDIANCHI。YINCI,TIQIANBUJU,CAIQUXIANGYINGCUOSHIKONGZHIHUANJINGFENGXIANSHIBENJISHUZHENGCEGUANZHUDEZHONGDIAN。

河北快3 3、XINXIHUAJISHUWEIFEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHITIGONGLEXINDEFAZHANQISUIZHEXINXIHUAJISHUDESHENRUYINGYONG,XIANJIEDUANYIXIEHUANJINGFENGXIANGAODEFEIDIANCHIWUXUHUISHOUWENTIYOUWANGDEDAOJIEJUE。GUOJIACENGMIANYINDAOLEXINXIHUAJISHUYUHUANJINGGUANLIDERONGHE。

GUOWUYUAN《GUANYUYINFA“SHISANWU”JIENENGJIANPAIZONGHEGONGZUOFANGANDETONGZHI》(GUOFA〔2016〕74HAO),TICHUJIAKUAIHULIANWANGYUZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGRONGHEFAZHAN,YAOQIU“JIANLIXIANSHANGXIANXIARONGHEDEHUISHOUWANGLUO,ZAIDIJIJIYISHANGCHENGSHIZHUBUJIANSHEFEIQIWUZAIXIANHUISHOU、JIAOYIDENGPINGTAI,TUIGUANG“HULIANWANG+”HUISHOUXINMOSHI,JIANLIZHONGDIANPINZHONGDEQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIZHUISUJIZHI,DUIBAOFEICHAIJIEDENGQICHECHANPINSHOUHOUQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIXINXIDEHUTONGGONGXIANG”。

2016NIAN4YUE6RIGUOWUYUANHUIYITONGGUO《ZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYEBIAOZHUNHUAHEZHILIANGTISHENGGUIHUA》,YAOQIUDUIJIE《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》,QIZHONGTICHUDEZHINENGZHIZAOGONGCHENGYINGGAI“JINMIWEIRAOZHONGDIANZHIZAOLINGYUGUANJIANHUANJIE,KAIZHANXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUYUZHIZAOZHUANGBEIRONGHEDEJICHENGCHUANGXINHEGONGCHENGYINGYONG”。

河北快3 XINXIHUAJISHUDEYINGYONGJIANGTIGAOHUANBAOBUMENDUIFEIQIANXUDIANCHIDEJINGXIHUA、KEXUEHUAGUANLISHUIPING,YOUXIAOGUIFANFEIQIANXUDIANCHIDELIUXIANG,LUOSHIWURANZERENYANSHEN。ZHEIXIEZHENGCEHUOYAOQIUYETICHULEFEIDIANCHISHOUJI、FEIDIANCHICHAIJIEHELIYONGSHEBEIZHINENGHUA、CHANYEHUADEYANFAFANGXIANG。

河北快3 4、FEIDIANCHIGUANLIBIAOZHUNQUYUYANGE

河北快3 GUOJIAJINQICHUTAILEYIXILIEYUFEIDIANCHIZAISHENGXIANGGUANDEBIAOZHUN,DUIFEIDIANCHIZAISHENGTICHULEGENGGAODEHUANBAOYAOQIU。2015NIANBANBUDE《ZAISHENGTONG、LV、QIAN、XINGONGYEWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN(GB 31574)》,DUIZAISHENGQIANQIYEDEFEISHUI、FEIQITICHUGENGGAO、GENGXIDEWURANWUKONGZHIZHIBIAO。

ZONGSHANGKAOLV,CONGHUANJIEFEIDIANCHIHUANJINGWURANDEYANJUNTAISHI、YINLINGFEIDIANCHILVSEXUNHUANDEWURANFANGZHIJISHUJIAODUCHUFA,HUANJINGBAOHUBUQIDONGLE《FEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIJISHUZHENGCE》DEXIUDINGGONGZUO。

《JISHUZHENGCE》DUIFEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIYINGZUNXUNNAXIEYUANZE?

河北快3 DA:1、BIHUANYULVSESHOUJI

《JISHUZHENGCE》GULIDIANCHISHENGCHANQIYELVXINGSHENGCHANZHEYANSHENZEREN。SHENGCHANZHEZERENYANSHENZHIDU,SHISHENGCHANZHEDUIQICHANPINCHENGDANQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEZIYUANHUANJINGZEREN,SHIJIAKUAISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEHELVSEXUNHUANDITANFAZHANDENEIZAIYAOQIU,DUITUIJINGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEHEZHIZAOYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIJUYOUJIJIYIYI。TONGGUOQIYEJIANLIDECHANPINXINXIZHUISUXITONG,WEIHUANBAOBUMENJISHIZHANGWOFEIDIANCHILIUXIANGTIGONGYIJU,ZHUISUHEYANSHENWURANZEREN,ZHENZHENGSHIXIANBIHUANYULVSESHOUJI。

2、ZIYUANLIYONGYOUXIAN

我国废电池产生量巨大,其中包括大量的金属物质。本着保护环境与资源循环利用的原则,在利用过程环境安全的前提下,优先考虑资源再生利用,以减少资源浪费。对于再生利用技术成熟的废电池,鼓励加以收集和利用;对于再生利用技术尚未成熟的废电池,鼓励在具备资源化利用条件的地区分类收集废原电池。
  3、合理安全处置 
  国家提出生活垃圾“减量化、资源化、无害化”处理原则,本政策总体上鼓励分类回收利用废原电池。一些人口密集区,甚至已出台了强制回收的意见。现有生活垃圾处理模式已不是简单的填埋,像北京这种特大型城市,垃圾焚烧已成为主流的垃圾处理方式。生活垃圾如混入废电池,将产生一定的环境风险。结合现阶段形势,提出应避免废电池进入生活垃圾焚烧装置或堆肥发酵装置。同时,针对现阶段一些地方仍以填埋为主,提出对于已经收集的、目前还没有经济有效手段进行利用的废电池,宜分区分类填埋,以便于将来利用。
  4、关键节点的风险防控
  本政策针对不同废电池的特征,提出不同污染节点的环境风险防范方法。对废铅蓄电池,要求贮存场所应防止电解液泄漏;对动力电池,要求运输前不能拆解,须经过专业包装后运输,强调采取有效的包装措施;对废锂离子电池运输前要求采取预放电、独立包装等措施进行处理。

河北快3 KAOLVDAODALIANGDEFEIDIANCHIZAIZHANGQICUNFANGZHONGHUIFASHENGWAIBAOZHUANGLAOHUA、POSUNDEXIANXIANG,RUOCUNFANGCHANGDICUNZAIBUANQUANYINSU,JIYIZAOCHENGWUFAWANHUIDEANQUANSHIGU,ZHENGCEZHONGGUIDINGFEIDIANCHIDEZHUCUNCHANGSUOYINGDINGQIQINGLI、QINGYUN,YOUZHUANYEJIGOULAIGUANLI。BENZHENGCEJIANGCONGJISHUCENGMIANLUOSHIFEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIHEXUNHUANLIYONGGUOCHENGHUANJINGFENGXIANKONGZHI。

5、约束与引导
  从电池箱到电池模组再到电池单体,每一个拆解环节都需要安全的操作环境和专业、规范的技术。人工、露天拆解废电池不但会危害拆解者的生命健康,也会对生态环境造成破坏。因此,政策明确禁止人工拆解废电池的同时,提出“鼓励研发自动化、高效率和高安全性的废新能源汽车动力蓄电池的模组分离、定向循环利用和逆向拆解技术”。

GULIYANFAZHINENGHUADEFEIDIANCHICHAIJIE、POSUI、FENXUANDENGJISHU,KEYOUXIAODIJIANGDIZHIYERENQUNDEWURANWUBAOLUFENGXIAN,TONGGUOZHINENGHUAJISHUYANFATIGAOZAISHENGLV,ZHEIYIJISHUFANGXIANGCHONGFENGUANCHELEGUOWUYUANBANBUDE《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》HEXINSIXIANG。DUIYUDINGXIANGXUNHUANJISHU、NIXIANGCHAIJIEJISHU、CONGJISHUCENGMIANYINDAOSHENGCHANQIYEZUNXUN“CHANPIN——FEIQIWU——ZAISHENGZIYUAN——YUANCHANPIN”DELINIANLAISHEJICHANPIN,BUJINYOUZHUYUXINGCHENGDIANCHIQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQILVSE、GAOXIAODEBILUXUNHUANXITONG,ERQIETUIDONGLEDIANCHISHENGCHANQIYE、SHOUJIQIYEYULIYONGQIYEZHIJIANXINGCHENGJINMIDESHANGXIAYOUCHANYELIAN,JIDADITIGAOZIYUANLIYONGLV。

《JISHUZHENGCE》RUHEYINLINGWOGUOFEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIJISHUJINBUHEJIANKANGFAZHAN? 

DA:2016NIAN5YUE,SHANGWUBUDENG6BUMENFABU《GUANYUTUIJINZAISHENGZIYUANHUISHOUXINGYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIDEYIJIAN》MINGQUETICHU:ZHELITUIDONGZAISHENGZIYUANHUISHOUMOSHICHUANGXIN,JIANLIJIANQUANWANSHANDEZAISHENGZIYUANHUISHOUTIXI。

本政策针对废电池收集环节混乱、效率低下的现状,明确提出信息化技术的应用。从我国现阶段的形势来看,回收是制约废电池资源化利用的最大“瓶颈”之一。针对废铅蓄电池、废新能源汽车动力蓄电池等目前和未来的重点防治对象,鼓励采用信息化技术建设全过程监管体系,以改善目前废电池在收集、运输、贮存等环节较为混乱的现状。
 这一信息化体系与国家《互联网+行动计划》相符,对探索民用危险废物实时在线的转运、贮存监管、可视化的管理系统提供了技术手段,促进线上、线下一体化的实时监管平台,为全国性高效、快捷的一体化管理提供了基础,符合系统化、科学化、精细化、信息化的环境管理新模式。

河北快3 TONGSHI,GULIYANFAZHINENGHUADEFEIDIANCHILIYONGDENGXINJISHU。TONGGUOZIZHUCHUANGXINHUOZHECAIYONGGUOJIATUIGUANGDEQINGJIESHENGCHANGONGYI,SHIXIANQINGJIESHENGCHAN;TONGGUOYANFAZIDONGHUA、GAOXIAOLVHEGAOANQUANXINGDELIYONGJISHU,YIJIANSHAOWURANWUDEHUANJINGPAIFANG,QIEDUANHUOJIANSHAOWURANWUYURENTIDEBAOLUTUJING。

河北快3 《JISHUZHENGCE》DEZUIDALIANGDIANSHISHENME?

DA: 1、YOULIZHICHENG“TUSHITIAO”DESHISHI

 2014NIAN3YUE18RI,HUANJINGBAOHUBUSHENYIBINGYUANZETONGGUO《TURANGWURANFANGZHIXINGDONGJIHUA》。HUIYIYAOQIUQUANMIANQIANGHUAJIANGUANZHIFA,ZHONGDIANJIANCETURANGZHONGGE、GONG、SHEN、QIAN、GEDENGZHONGJINSHUHEDUOHUANFANGTING、SHIYOUTINGDENGYOUJIWURANWU,ZHONGDIANJIANGUANYOUSEJINSHUKUANGCAIXUAN、YOUSEJINSHUYELIAN、SHIYOUKAICAIDENGXINGYE。

技术政策在废电池的回收、贮存与运输环节均指明了污染防治方向。鼓励对废电池回收与资源利用、鼓励智能化、自动化等污染控制技术,将有效降低环境污染物排放,促进再生过程的清洁生产水平提高,为“土十条”的实施将发挥强有力的技术支撑作用。
河北快3   2、废电池的生产者责任延伸

针对废铅蓄电池、新能源汽车废电池(属锂离子电池)的环境安全问题,提出了贮存、运输与处理环节的风险控制技术,并鼓励研发逆向拆解等新技术,结合生产者责任延伸制的落实,鼓励电池生产企业履行生产者延伸责任,推动相关产业链形成闭合循环的发展模式。本技术政策与国家大的方针政策一致,在政策正式发布后,国务院印发了《十三五”节能减排综合工作方案》和《关于印发生产者责任延伸制度推行方案的通知》(国办发〔2016〕99号),分别对利用互联网线上、线下回收模式、生产者责任延伸制度等做出类似规定,与本政策方向和内容完全一致。

3、FEIQIANXUDIANCHIDEQUANGUOCHENGGUANLI

ZHENDUIFEIQIANXUDIANCHIHUISHOUGUOCHENGHUNLUAN、HUANJINGFENGXIANDADENGXIANZHUANG,SHOUCITICHUQIANXUDIANCHIDEQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQILIUXIANGZHUIZONGGUANLILINIAN,JIANGWURANKONGZHICONGSHENGCHANQIYEYANSHENZHIXIAOFEIZHE,WEIGAOWURANFEIMINYONGPINDEGUANLITICHULEWURANZERENYANSHENDESILU。

河北快3 《JISHUZHENGCE》DUIFEIDIANCHIDEHUISHOUZERENZHUTISHIRUHEHUAFENDE?

河北快3 DA:ZHENGCEMINGQUETICHU“GULIDIANCHISHENGCHANQIYELVXINGSHENGCHANZHEYANSHENZEREN”,TIXIANLE“SHEIJIAHAIZISHEIBAOZOU”DEYUANZE。SHENGCHANZHEZERENYANSHEN,HUISHOUZERENZIRANYEYANSHEN。DUIYUFEIQIANXUDIANCHI,YOUYUQIHUANJINGFENGXIANXINGJIAOGAO,BENJISHUZHENGCEBIXIUDINGQIANYAOGENGWEIYANGE,TICHULEQUANGUOCHENGGUANLIYUANZE,BUJINYANSHENDAODADEPIFASHANG、LINGSHOUSHANG,SHENZHIYANSHENDAOXIAOFEIZHE,XIAOFEIZHEBUNENGJIANGFEIDIANCHISUIYIJIAOFUJIXIAOSHANGFAN。XINNENGYUANQICHEDIANCHIZUOWEICHELIANGDEHEXINLINGBUJIAN,ZHENGCHESHENGCHANZHEYEYINGCHENGDANHUISHOUDEYIBUFENZEREN。JUTIHUISHOUSHI,YOUYUWULIUCHENGBENZHIYUE,BIXUSHEHUIDUOFANGCANYUCAINENGZHENZHENGJIANGDIHUISHOUCHENGBEN,YINCI,ZHENGCEMINGQUETICHUYINGSHEHUIDUOFANGCANYUHUISHOUGONGTONGCHENGDANZEREN,GULIDIANCHISHENGCHANQIYE、FEIDIANCHISHOUJIQIYEJILIYONGQIYEDENGGONGTONGJIANSHEFEIDIANCHISHOUJIXITONG。

《JISHUZHENGCE》ZUIZHONGSHIXIANDEKONGZHIMUBIAOSHISHENME?

河北快3 DA:《JISHUZHENGCE》ZUIZHONGSHIXIANDEKONGZHIMUBIAOZHUYAOTIXIANZAIYIXIALIANGDIAN:

YISHIZHUBUJIANLIFEIQIANXUDIANCHI、FEIXINNENGYUANQICHEDONGLIXUDIANCHIDENGDESHOUJI、YUNSHU、ZHUCUN、LIYONG、CHUZHIGUOCHENGDEXINXIHUAJIANGUANTIXI。MINGQUEXIANJIEDUANQIANXUDIANCHI、LILIZIDIANCHIHUISHOUTIXIJIANSHEFANGXIANG。

河北快3 ERSHITONGGUOFEIDIANCHISHOUJI、YUNSHU、ZHUCUN、LIYONGYUCHUZHIGUOCHENGDEWURANFANGZHIJISHUHEGULIYANFADEXINJISHUDENGNEIRONG,WEIFEIDIANCHIZIYUANHUAGUOCHENGDEHUANJINGGUANLIYUWURANFANGZHITIGONGJISHUZHIDAO。

ZONGZHI,ZAIFEIDIANCHIHUANJINGFENGXIANXINGSHIRIYIYANJUNDEQINGKUANGXIA,《FEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIJISHUZHENGCE》JIEJUEBAOFEIQIANXUDIANCHI、XINNENGYUANQICHEDELILIZIDIANCHIWURANWENTIJINXINGLEYINDAO,ZHIMINGLEFAZHANFANGXIANG,YEWEIDIANCHISHENGCHANSHANG、ZHENGCHEQIYE、HUISHOUQIYEHEJIANGUANBUMENQIAOXIANGLEJINGZHONG:FEIJIUDIANCHIWURANBURONGHUSHI,GEFANGXUJIAKUAIBUFA,JIADAJIANGUANLIDU。ZHIYOUGEFANGGONGTONGNULI,CAINENGLUOSHIFEIDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIGONGZUO,SHIXIANFEIDIANCHIDEKEXUNHUAN、KECHIXUFAZHAN。

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